(Lythrum salicaria L.)
Loosestrife family - Lythraceae
Photo from Weeds of the West
Photos from Montana Weed Control Association
Growth Habit: Perennial, erect to 8 feet tall, associated with moist or marshy areas.
Leaves: Simple, lance-shaped, smooth margins, opposite or whorled.
Stem: Branched, terminating in flowering stalks.
Flower: Rose-purple flowers having 5-7 petals and numerous stamen, in long, vertical recemes.
Roots: Large, fleshy, adapted to aquatic sites.
Seeds: Oval, 1mm long seeds develop in capsules that burst when mature. More than 2 million seeds can be produced by an average sized plant.
Reproduction: Primarily by seeds, but can spread through cut stems and fragmented roots
Habitat: Aquatic sites such as marshy areas, streams, and stream banks, ponds, irrigation canals and ditches support the worst infestations.
Biological Controls: Black-margined loosestrife beetle (Galerucella calmariensis), Golden loosestrife beetle (Galerucella pusilla), Loosestrife root weevil (Hylobius transversovittatus).
Herbicides: None used in Yellowstone County at this time.
Produced by Wyoming Weed & Pest Council in cooperation with Sandoz Crop Protection Corp.